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Archive for September, 2011

Due mostly to lack of information about individuals with psychopathy, women and men have ended up in relationships with psychopaths. However, even people with knowledge of this particular personalitydisorder have been fooled which makes it even more important to spread information about the disorder.   Having a child and/or children with a psychopath means a lifetime of, if nothing else, continuous emotional pain. Research point to that psychopathy is a genetically inherited personalitydisorder. Study;   Evidence for substantial genetic risk for psychopathy in 7-year-olds (2005)   Here   Furthermore, “Genetic effects explain the stability of psychopathic personality from mid- to late adolescence.” (2008)   Here   and, “A longitudinal twin study of the direction of effects between psychopathic personality and antisocial behaviour (2010)  Here which came to the conclusion that; “This study provides evidence that genetically influenced psychopathic personality is a robust predictor of adult antisocial behaviour, but also that persistent antisocial behaviour has an impact on adult psychopathic personality via genetic effects.”    A more recent study, Psychopathic personality traits in relational aggression among young adults. (March-April 2011)  Here   concluded that, “psychopathic traits were not differentially predictive of RA by gender or level of physical aggressiveness”

Related: Trait correlates of relational aggression in a nonclinical sample: DSM-IV Personality Disorders and Psychopathy (2008)   Here     Also of interest,   Mean girls and bad boys: Recent research on gender differences in conduct disorder (June 2011)  Here  and  The Genetic and Environmental Covariation Among Psychopathic Personality Traits, and Reactive and Proactive Aggression in Childhood (July 2011)   Here   which demonstrated, “a significant genetic and non-shared environmental correlation among psychopathic personality traits and reactive and proactive aggressive behaviors in children using both caregiver reports and child self-reports.”

This brings us to Mark Dadds latest research and the following article (September, 2011), Bad to the bone  Here  
Impaired attention to the eyes of attachment figures and the developmental origins of psychopathy. Mark R. Dadds et al. (March 2011)  Here    and   Do callous-unemotional traits moderate the relative importance of parental coercion versus warmth in child conduct problems? An observational study. By Dadds et al. (July 2011)   Here

Seeing that psychopathy most likely is a genetic disorder it is of course of great importance that as many people as possible get as much information as possible about the personality disorder, especially – BEFORE a relationship produces children with a genetic risk of developing a psychopathic personality disorder.   Children with psychopathic trais do not only put themselves at risk (ie. fearless, impulsive) but also pose a risk for parents, siblings, classmates and others who may come in contact with them.  Add to this, that these children also, unlikely as it may sound, actually enjoy hurting/killing others,  Bullies may enjoy seeing others in pain: Brain scans show disruption in natural empathetic response.(2008)   Here   Also see earlier post, “Bullies” and why they keep “bullying” regardless of age   (2009)   Here

Also of interest,  
Psychopathy, Brain Damage And Empathy (2011)   Here  
‘Wasn’t me!’ A field study of the relationship between deceptive motivations and psychopathic traits in young offenders (September 2011)   Here
Special Issue: Child and Adolescent Trauma across the Spectrum of Experience: Underserved Populations and Emotional Abuse.   Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma, Volume 4, Issue 2, 2011   Here

As is often the case concerning psychopaths, harm is usually done before the “victim” is aware of the damage done.   Dr. Liane J. Leedoms site  can be of great help for those who find themselves raising a child at risk, see;  Parenting the At Risk Child   Here

Help for parents whose child is beeing “bullied” (psychologically/emotionally abused at school)  by either a classmate or teacher, 
Child bullying, school bullying, bullycide   Here  and  Bullycide in America – Moms Speak Out!   Here

Books:

High Risk: Children Without A Conscience, by Dr. Ken Magid and Carole A.McKelvey – For a book review click  Here
The Abusive Personality by Dr. Dutton   Here    Book review  Here
Handbook of Child and Adolescent Psychopathy (2010)   Here

Write-ups/Articles (older)

The Origins of Antisocial Behaviour, Twin Study   Here
Genes help determine which kids thrive despite abuse (2006)  Here
Development and Psychopathology (2006)  Here

Some research of interest ;

Brain differences in adolescents, psychopaths, lend to their impulsive, risk-taking behavior (2004)   Here
Nature X nurture: genetic vulnerabilities interact with physical maltreatment to promote conduct problems. (2005)   Here
Genes for susceptibility to violence lurk in the brain (2006)   Here
Cognition to genes via the brain in the study of conduct disorder. (2008)   Here
Relationships between a parental negativity and childhood antisocial behavior over time: A Bidirectional effect model in a longitudinal genetically informative design. (2008)   Here
Quantitative genetic studies of antisocial behaviour. (2008)   Here
Psychopathic personality in adolescence: Genetic and environmental overlap with externalizing and internalizing problems. (2009)   Here
Amygdala Hypoactivity to Fearful Faces in Boys With Conduct Problems and Callous-Unemotional Traits (2009)   Here
The contribution of Callous-unemotional traits and conduct problems to bullying in early adolescence. (2009)   Here
Psychopathic Personality in Adolescence – Genetic and Environmental Influences (2009)   Here
Predictors and Outcomes of Joint Trajectories of Callous–Unemotional Traits and Conduct Problems in Childhood.  (2011)   Here 
‘Wasn’t me!’ A field study of the relationship between deceptive motivations and psychopathic traits in young offenders.  (2011)   Here   
More recent reserach concerning children/youth with psychopathic traits can be found at;   It Affects Us All, top of the page   Here

Last but not least, some quotes;

“First of all, it is found among all social classes. Such character disordered people are not only the charming con men and dangerous gold diggers that Dr. Hare warns us about, not only are they the lower-class, drunken, drug abusing “sociopaths” which Dr. Black writes about, they are also people who hold high positions in society, as Jungian author Guggenbuhl-Craig has said, because those who cannot love want power.”  Here

and

“Callous, deceitful, reckless, guiltless . . . The psychopath understands the wishes and concerns of others; he simply does not care . . . The psychopath believes that rules and morals are for other, weaker people who obey because they fear punishment . . .  Lying, evasiveness, feigned forgetfulness, vague and inconsistent answers about his past . . .”
Dr. David B. Adams   Here

“Lying is like breathing to the psychopath. When caught in a lie and challenged, they make up new lies, and don’t care if they’re found out. As Hare states, “Lying, deceiving, and manipulation are natural talents for psychopaths…When caught in a lie or challenged with the truth, they are seldom perplexed or embarrassed — they simply change their stories or attempt to rework the facts so that they appear to be consistent with the lie. The results are a series of contradictory statements and a thoroughly confused listener.”   Here

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